Wednesday, December 8, 2021

How to add debuginfo to perf(1)

Sometimes it's necessary to add debuginfo so perf-report(1) and similar commands can display human-readable function names instead of raw addresses. For instance, if a program was built from source and stripped of symbols when installing into /usr/local/bin/ then perf(1) does not have the symbol information available.

perf(1) maintains a cache of debuginfos keyed by the build-id (also known as that uniquely identifies executables and shared objects on Linux. files contain the build-ids involved when the data was recorded. This allows perf-report(1) and similar commands to look up the required debuginfo from the build-id cache for address to function name translation.

If perf-report(1) displays raw addresses instead of human-readable function names, then we need to get the debuginfo for the build-ids in the file and add it to the build-id cache. You can show the build-ids required by a file with perf-buildid-list(1):

$ perf buildid-list # reads ./ by default
b022da126fad1e0a287a6a25016f6c7c996e68c9 /lib/modules/5.14.11-200.fc34.x86_64/kernel/arch/x86/kvm/kvm-intel.ko.xz
f8aa9d9bf047e67b76f22426ad4af310f9b0325a /lib/modules/5.14.11-200.fc34.x86_64/kernel/arch/x86/kvm/kvm.ko.xz
6740f24c4733268d03b41f9483282297dde6b286 [vdso]

Your build-id cache may be missing debuginfo or have limited debuginfo with less symbol information than you need. For example, if data was collected from a stripped /usr/local/bin/my-program executable and you now want to update the build-id cache with the executable that contains full debuginfo, use the perf-buildid-cache(1) command:

$ perf buildid-cache --update=path/to/my-program-with-symbols

There is also an --add=path/to/debuginfo option for adding new build-ids that are not yet in the cache.

Now perf-report(1) and similar tools will display human-readable function names from path/to/my-program-with-symbols instead of the stripped /usr/local/bin/my-program executable. If that doesn't work, verify that the build-ids in my-program-with-symbols and my-program match.